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The Dark Heart of the 20th Century Reflected in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Tucked away in the southern Transcaucasian highlands, which is the very headwaters of the Middle East, is a small country by the name of Armenia which parallels the history of Israel in many surprising, striking ways. Armenians have inhabited this area of the world for thousands of years. They even claim Noah’s heritage as the famed Mt. Ararat dominates the skyline of Armenia’s capital, Yerevan.  

In the first century B.C., the kingdom of Armenia set aside the Seleucid empire which had caused so much trouble to the small nation of Judea just to the south for well over 100 years. At this time, Armenia ruled from the Caspian to the Mediterranean until Rome squeezed them out of Syria or Cilicia in the 60’s B.C. Later, Augustus Caesar used Armenia as a buffer state. It was the emperor Trajan who finally absorbed Armenia into the Roman Empire (114 A.D). A decade before Constantine took up the banner of the cross, Armenia became the first Christian nation in the world.

Though Armenian Christianity had some key theological differences with Eastern Orthodoxy, the Armenians flourished under Byzantium. However, they began to suffer at the hands of Islam during the crusades. After the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, Armenia had been under Islamic hegemony ever since – until the Ottoman Empire, along with its German ally, i.e., the Second Reich (1871-1918), collapsed in the aftermath of World War I.

Eurasia 1914

The map above is an old German ethno-geographic map depicting the presumed racial distribution of Europe and the Middle East at the outset of the Great War (1914-18). The publishing of this map reflects Friedrich Ratzel’s (1844-1904) blending of social Darwinism with what he called anthrogeographie. Ratzel viewed history as a biological theater of evolutionary geopolitics where the various races expand outward looking for geographical living space – all of which reflects the eugenic health of the nation. This blending later became more infamously known as lebensraum or “living space” through the rise of National Socialism with no small thanks to the likes of Karl Haushofer (1869-1946) and Nazi deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess (1894-1987) who helped convert Ratzel’s anthrogeography into Mein Kampf – which Hitler wrote while in prison for rioting on the streets of Munich in 1923 as he argued for the racial struggle of the Aryan victims against the backdrop of the unjust Treaty of Versailles and the international cabal behind it all largely corrupted by Jewish communists and capitalists.

Closely connected, the Nazis were well aware of the Armenian genocide which was perpetrated by the Ottoman Turks during the Great War. In 1915, at least 1.5 million Armenians were annihilated from what is today eastern Turkey in a racial cleansing operation of genocidal proportions. This was on top of previous and subsequent massacres of Armenians that sporadically occurred 20-30 years before the war. As the Ottoman empire was contracting, shrinking, and weakening during this time, it began to take out its frustrations against its own inhabitants. The Armenians were singled out as back stabbers, incalcitrant malcontents, and rebels whose shady business practices were highway robbery. Perhaps most shocking, it was the Young Turks, the presumed so-called moderate Muslims of the day, who carried out the Armenian genocide. However, the progressivism of the Young Turks was connected to European and German ‘scientific’ social Darwinism and its geopolitical doctrines.

Turkey and Armenia up close in 1914

Indeed, the middle right part of the map highlighted directly above shows a big blue “problem” in what is called Armenia today. It stood directly in the way of the Ottoman Empire’s Pan-Turkish plans for the upper Middle East. It was during the Great War that the western blue-striped side of Armenia was completely wiped out during the Armenian genocide. However, at the very close of the Great War in 1918 with the Ottoman Empire in a freefall, the Armenians themselves had two decisive victories against the Turks at Sardarapat and Aparan which saved them from further annihilation. While the Turks have not been back since, they still have Pan-Turkish plans to go from the Mediterranean all the way to Baku, Azerbaijan.

Before, during and after the war, the German Press, media, and books routinely characterized the Armenians as a lower race like the Jews, vultures with crooked noses, usurers, money grubbers, and traitors who were directly responsible for making the Ottoman Empire sick from a eugenic point of view. Before Israel gained its own national independence in 1947, the Germans called the Armenians, “The Jews of the Orient.” This allowed the press, media, and culture of the Second Reich – all of which was largely buoyed at that time by the anti-Semitic social progressivism of German Theological Liberalism based on natural theology rather than the Bible, to ignore the plight of Armenian Christians. Scientific racism, instead of leading to progress, thus evolved into justifying a “Kaiser Jihad” instead.

After the war, when the very perpetrator of the genocide, Talat Pasha (1874-1921), was assassinated by an Armenian in Berlin, the ensuing trial became national headlines. All of Germany thus became exposed to the true horrors of the Armenian Genocide – savagery that was especially macabre toward women in particular. Initially, Germans were sympathetic to the Armenians, but subsequently after the German Press went to work, the genocide was largely justified within a few years no matter how brutal it may have all been.

The Nazis were very impressed with the cleansing of the Armenians from the Turkish landscape as a new and pure Turkey was born after the Allies redrew the maps of the Middle East. The Armenian genocide thus became a geopolitical genocidal template of sorts for the Holocaust. Even the very word “genocide” itself largely comes from the German word “volkermord,” which literally means “murder of an ethnic race” that is not only deeply imbued with social Darwinism, but was also used in descriptions connected to the Armenian massacres of the 1890’s and following.  Other phrases and terms like “total annihilation” or “final goal” or “solution” to the Armenian problem/question(s) were also used. The Final Solution was thus presaged in the literature connected to the Armenian Genocide.

Both the Armenian Genocide and the Jewish Holocaust are historical tragedies which prejudicially reflect the very anti Judeo-Christian sentiments of the 20th century, which continue unabated today. While Armenia and Israel did become independent nations after their respective genocides during the tumult of two world wars, yet because of all the carnage and suffering, they both have significant populations outside their own countries known as their “diasporas.” Both Armenia and Israel were also subjugated to smaller pieces of real estate every time the territorial maps were redrawn.

Indeed, in the early 1920’s, after Armenia had received independence from the Ottoman empire with international backing, Stalin handed over an area called the Nagorno-Karabakh of the Armenian highlands to a brand-new country that never existed before called Azerbaijan. Stalin probably did so because his rise in communism largely began in Baku (1907-09) where he defended the labor movement, fomented revolution, and shook down British and Tsarist conglomerates in the rich oil fields developing there. Moreover, Stalin hated religion. He undoubtedly wanted to keep both the Christians and Muslims off balanced and against each other so the Soviets could easily divide, conquer, and rule over both.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Armenians and Azerbaijanis unsurprisingly went to war in the early 1990’s over the Nagorno-Karabakh with Azerbaijan wanting to maintain what Stalin gave them, all the while the Armenians knew it would be a disaster for them if such was/is the case in which an independent Muslim country will dominate their lives without the iron fist of the Soviet Union to serve as a buffer between them. While occasional flareups have been routine since that time, it all suddenly become far more serious as Azerbaijan, under Turkey’s direction, broke the ceasefire agreement dating back to 1994 with the biggest attack yet seen since that time. With Armenia’s survival at stake together with Turkey’s refusal to admit its genocidal past, the recipe for another disaster is very real.

Azerbaijan has three to four times the population of Armenia. Their strong ally, Turkey, has more than 80 million. Armenia has perhaps three million people.  Armenia is a poor, land-locked country sandwiched in between them both. The math is not good, and the odds are even worse. Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia are both presently under martial law as the COVID crisis has now been replaced by something far more dangerous – a real war in the very heart of the upper Middle East.

In 1939, Hitler allegedly said of the Armenians from his Bavarian alpine chalet, “Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?” Both Azerbaijan and Turkey are counting on the exact same sentiments at a time when the western powers are all hiding behind their COVID masks.